Students in the field of civil engineering can expect coursework heavy on math, drafting, and technical application. Some schools will offer co-op work while others will actually give credit for co-op. Students that aren't mathematically inclined should not join this program. Students that lack personal responsibility or social skills should also consider a different field of work. A four year degree is required for most entry level jobs, but a masters or higher is needed for most other things.
Those pursuing a career in the public sphere need to be licensed by the Department of Consumer Protection, Occupational and Professional Trades. The title of this license is the Professional Engineer and Land Surveyor (incl. Corporations, Joint Practice and In-training)and it is intended for any experienced individual whether that experience comes from education, work history, or a combination of both. According to the Connecticut Society of Professional Engineers, in order to become a Professional Engineer in Connecticut, individuals must:
- Receive a bachelor's degree in engineering from an accredited college
- Pass the Fundamentals of Engineering exam
- Four or more years of experience
- Pass a second discipline-specific exam
On average, civil engineers make $38.14 and hour in the United States, or roughly $79,300 a year. Connecticut pays slightly better for this line of work with an average hourly wage of $38.51 and an average salary of $80,100. The projection of job growth for this field is only 6 percent which is a significant difference from the national projection rate of 19 percent. The general outlook could be considered positive and stable.
People with a degree in civil engineering tend to become traffic, ocean, and geo-technical engineers. Most tend to work within the public sector, but there has recently been a significant increase within the private sector as consultants. Types of work done by those in this field include but are not limited to fabrication and maintenance of structures such as roads, bridges, power plants, and more.
Similar careers include:
- aerospace engineers
- electrical and electronic drafters
- health and safety engineers
- materials engineers